Tweet on Twitter Ageism might not receive the same amount of attention at other forms of discrimination in the world today, but it is something that is growing as a public problem. As Baby Boomers begin to reach retirement in record numbers and younger workers begin to enter the working force, age discrimination looks to continue to increase unless we actively inform ourselves about the problem. Age has negatively affected advancement, selection, evaluations, and ratings of interpersonal skills for workers in studies that date back as far as the s.
Official definitions[ edit ] Old age comprises "the later part of life; the period of life after youth and middle age.
At the same time, the WHO recognized that the developing world often defines old age, not by years, but by new roles, loss of previous roles, or inability to make active contributions to society.
Being 60—65 years old is usually a requirement for becoming eligible for senior social programs. In developed countries, most people in their 60s and early 70s are still fit, active, and able to care for themselves.
In British English, the "third age" is "the period in life of active retirement, following middle age".
The distinguishing marks of old age normally occur in all five senses at different times and different rates for different persons. For example, people may be considered old when they become grandparents or when they begin to do less or different work in retirement.
It implies that the person being referred to is retired. Synonyms include old age pensioner or pensioner in British English, and retiree and senior in American English. Some dictionaries describe widespread use of "senior citizen" for people over the age of It is used in general usage instead of traditional terms such as old person, Ageism and the elderly pensioner, or elderly as a courtesy and to signify continuing relevance of and respect for this population group as " citizens " of society, of senior rank.
Especially in less formal contexts, it is often abbreviated as "senior s ", which is also used as an adjective.
In commerce, some businesses offer customers of a certain age a " senior discount ". The age at which these discounts are available varies between 55, 60, 62 or 65, and other criteria may also apply.
Sometimes a special " senior discount card " or other proof of age needs to be obtained and produced to show entitlement. Age qualifications[ edit ] The age which qualifies for senior citizen status varies widely. In governmental contexts, it is usually associated with an age at which pensions or medical benefits for the elderly become available.
In commercial contexts, where it may serve as a marketing device to attract customers, the age is often significantly lower. The AARP allows couples in which one spouse has reached the age of 50 to join, regardless of the age of the other spouse. Marks of old age[ edit ] See also: Also, they occur at different rates and order for different people.
Old bones are marked by "thinning and shrinkage". Some older persons have at least one chronic condition and many have multiple conditions. May have less saliva and less ability for oral hygiene in old age which increases the chance of tooth decay and infection.
It is more common in the elderly and symptoms worsen with age. Presbyopia can occur by age 50 and it hinders reading especially of small print in low lighting. Speed with which an individual reads and the ability to locate objects may also be impaired. Old age spells risk for injury from falls that might not cause injury to a younger person.
Some aspects of gait normally change with old age. Gait velocity slows after age Double stance time i. Because of gait change, old people sometimes appear to be walking on ice.
In addition, atherosclerosis can constrict blood flow. Less efficient immune function Immunosenescence is a mark of old age. This inability to get around has serious "social, psychological, and physical consequences".
People aged 75— continue to experience sensuality and sexual pleasure.
Wounds and injuries are more likely to leave permanent scars. Food becomes less appealing and nutrition can suffer.
In old age, vocal cords weaken and vibrate more slowly. This results in a weakened, breathy voice that is sometimes called an "old person's voice".
Adaptable describes most people in their old age.Ageism and the Elderly Decrepit, senile, over the hill, old fart or slow driver are often the words you hear when referring to “the elderly”.
In , Robert Butler, the first director of the National Institute on Aging was the first to use the term “ageism” to describe the stereotyping of people because of their age. Ageism has significant effects on the elderly and young people.
These effects might be seen within different levels: individual person, selected company, whole economy.  The stereotypes and infantilization of older and younger people by patronizing language affects older and younger people's self-esteem and behaviors.
Old age refers to ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and is thus the end of the human life tranceformingnlp.com and euphemisms include old people, the elderly (worldwide usage), seniors (American usage), senior citizens (British and American usages), older adults (in the social sciences), and the elders (in many cultures—including the cultures of aboriginal people).
Concerns of elderly move higher on national agenda That ageism exists, in a society captivated by youth culture and taut-skinned good looks, is scarcely debatable.
As a mentor who actively encourages premedical undergraduates and medical students to pursue a career in geriatric medicine, Dr. Stall says one solution to the problem of ageism in healthcare is to increase the number of fellowship-trained geriatricians in the United States. Feb 08, · Ageism in Our Society.
Feb. 7, Image. Credit Credit Vivienne Flesher. Readers respond to a letter decrying the ageism and stereotyping that affect how older .