Socrates replies that Love wants these things to become his own so that he will be happy. Diotima has Socrates agree that everyone always wants good things and happiness to be theirs forever. In that case, everyone would be a lover, but we only call certain people lovers.
The reason is that, while everyone is in love, we only call a certain class of those in love "lovers.
We would be willing to have limbs amputated if we thought they were diseased and bad, suggesting that we only want to be attached to what is good.
Socrates and Diotima agree that love is the desire to have the good forever.
Diotima's next move is to ask in what way people pursue love. She cryptically claims that Love's function is "giving birth in beauty both in body and in mind. Sex is one means of giving birth, and it is through reproduction that we achieve immortality.
This process is divine and therefore beautiful. Beauty is the goddess that presides over birth, allowing pregnant creatures to become pregnant and give birth when they are in contact with something beautiful. Thus, the object of love is not beauty, but reproduction in birth and beauty.
Since love is the desire to have the good forever, we must desire immortality as well as the good, and in reproduction we come closest to immortality. All mortal things desire reproduction, and we see this even in birds and animals: Diotima points out that though we talk about the "same person," we are not the same at all throughout our lives.
Our body changes, as does our mind and our knowledge so that in old age we are nothing like what we were when we were young. We maintain ourselves in existence by replacing the old with the new, and so reproduction is just one further way of extending our lives.
Similarly, Diotima sees a drive for immortality in our search for honor. She suggests that Alcestis and Achilles would not have died for their lovers had they not known their heroism would be immortalized.
There are two ways men can become pregnant: Those who are pregnant in body seek out women with whom they can reproduce and create a bodily heir. Those who are pregnant in mind bring forth not bodies, but wisdom and other virtues. Thus, a man pregnant in mind will seek out one who is beautiful in mind as well as in body.
The bond created between a man and a boy with whom he shares his wisdom is far stronger than a familial bond since ideas are more immortal than people.
We worship poets like Homer and Hesiod and lawmakers like Lycurgus and Solon for the immortal "children" they have created from their minds.Diotima knows of the love between a man and a woman, and uses “procreative metaphors” (Halperin, p.
) to convey this “unusual” idea to Socrates.
|The Role of Diotima | Platosphere||Sexual Violence in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Sexual Violence in the Greek and Roman Worlds is a generally worthwhile collection of essays about a non-existent topic.|
|Why is Diotima a woman? Essays||Do such modern concepts of "homosexual" or "heterosexual" apply here?|
|Why is Diotima a Woman? - left brain left out on the wire||Before we search for the idea of why Diotima is a woman, we should first discuss a little about her.|
|From the SparkNotes Blog||I show first that each character of this reported dialogue Diotima and Socrates when he was younger can be considered as a mix of both characters of the frame dialogue Agathon and Socrates as an achieved philosopher:|
This idea is influential for the time because of the way women were looked at in Greek society. Why Is Diotima a Woman? Essay Words | 4 Pages. Diotima, Socrates' great teacher from the Symposium, a work by Plato was one of the most influential women thinkers of all time, whether she was a real person or a literary fictional character.
Essay Words Feb 28th, 4 Pages Diotima, Socrates' great teacher from the Symposium, a work by Plato was one of the most influential women thinkers of all time, whether she was a real person or a literary fictional character. Ultimately, Halperin concludes, "to ask why Diotima is a woman is to pose a question that has no answer." Diotima's description of Love's parentage offers a third alternative to the "common" and "celestial" origin stories recounted earlier.
Why is Diotima a woman? Before we search for the idea of why Diotima is a woman, we should first discuss a little about her. We know that, if she were an actual person, she would have been born around BCE and died around BCE.
Why is Diotima a woman? Essay examples Words | 4 Pages.
Diotima, Socrates' great teacher from the Symposium, a work by Plato was one of the most influential women thinkers of all time, whether she was a real person or a literary fictional character.